Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear medicine is a specialized area of radiology that uses very small amounts of radioactive materials, or radiopharmaceuticals, to examine organ function and structure. This branch of radiology is often used to help diagnose and treat abnormalities very early in the progression of a disease, such as thyroid cancer. Nuclear imaging enables visualization of organ and tissue structure as well as function.

How is nuclear imaging done?

A tiny amount of a radioactive substance is used during the procedure to assist in the examination. The radioactive substance, called a radionuclide (radiopharmaceutical or radioactive tracer), is absorbed by body tissue.

Several different types of radionuclides are available, including forms of the elements technetium, thallium, gallium, iodine, and xenon. The type of radionuclide used will depend on the type of study and the body part being studied.

For questions and additional information please call the Nuclear Medicine Department at: (940) 764-6041 or (940) 764-6030

Nuclear Medicine scans and studies include:

Total Body Bone Scan: This exam is performed to look for any abnormalities of the skeletal system.

Limited Bone Scans: This exam is performed to look for any abnormalities of the skeletal system.

3Phase Bone Scan: Evaluates the blood flow to an area of interest as well as to rule out infection or inflammation of the bone.

123 Thyroid Uptake and Scan: Tests the function as well as the structure of the thyroid.

I131 Thyroid Treatment: Treats hyperthyroidism or treatment for thyroid cancer.

HIDA Scan: Tests the function of the gallbladder

Gastric Emptying Study: Evaluate how well the stomach empties

Renal Scan: Evaluates the kidney flow and function.

Renal Scan with LASIX: Evaluates the kidney flow and function.

Renal Scan with Captopril: Evaluates the kidney flow and function.

Cisternogram: Evaluates the flow of cerebral spinal fluid along normal and abnormal pathways

Parathyroid Study: Evaluates the parathyroid glands

Bone Marrow Study: Evaluates regional bone marrow abnormalities

Gallium Study: Detects or localizes areas of chronic infection or tumors

WBC Study (Ceretec or Indium): Detects abscesses and infection in the soft tissue or infection in the bone. Also performed for evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease.

Octreotide Scan:  Detects and localizes neuroendocrine tumors

Lung Scan Venalation and Perfusion:  Evaluates for pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertention.